Tuberculosis (TB) is a major communicable disease in developing countries like India. TB affects mainly the productive age group, which has deleterious effect on the whole economy of the country. It has been estimated that every year approximately 1.8 million people develop TB, of which 0.8 million are new smear positive, highly infectious cases and about 4.17 lakh people die due to TB every year.
Urban DOTS Project
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India launched Urban DOTS Project in 2004-05, on pilot basis, in four cities of India namely Mumbai, Hyderabad, Varanasi and Indore.
MPVHA was awarded the responsibility for Indore to do social mobilization and to enhance the collaboration between Public and Private sectors. MPVHA implemented the project mainly for slum dwellers and migrant population of Indore city in close collaboration with DTO, Indore. WHO provided a Technical Consultant under financial support of GFATM. The objective of the project was to identify TB cases, promote early detection, check the dropouts, and strengthen the referral services through building capacity of NGOs, Private Practitioners, local leaders and health service providers and to ensure people’s participation in RNTCP, especially in DOTS through a mix of IEC intervention.
- First time community based sputum collection centre started.
- Community based DOTS providers identified and established.